We have gathered a list of reputable research articles and references on aromatherapy and essential oils. This is not an exhaustive list, but rather a starting point that can assist in your exploration and discovery of aromatherapy and best practices. 


  • Chamine, I., Oken, B. (2015). Expectancy of stress-reducing aromatherapy effect and performance on the stress-sensitive cognitive task. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 25, 1-10.
  • Chamine, I., Oken, B. (2016). Aroma effects on physiologic and cognitive function following acute stress: a mechanism investigation. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 22(9), 713-721.
  • Chen, C-J., Tseng, Y-H., Chu, F-H., Wen, T-Y., Cheng, W-W., Chen, Y-T,…Want, S-Y. (2012). Neuropharmacological activities of fruit essential oil from Litsea cubeba Persoon. Journal of Wood Science, 58, 538–543.
  • Chen, M., Fang, S-H., Fang, L. (2015). The effects of aromatherapy in relieving symptoms related to job stress among nurses. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 21, 87–93.
  • Chen, Y-J., Cheng, F., Shih, Y., Chang, T-M., Wang, M-F., Lan, S-S., (2008). Inhalation of Neroli essential oil and its anxiolytic effects. Journal of Complementary and Integrative medicine, 5(1). 
  • Costa Gargano, A., Almeida Costa, C., Costa, M. (2008). Essential oils from citrus latifolia and citrus reticulata reduce anxiety and prolong ether sleeping time in mice. Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology 2 (Special Issue 1), 121-124.
  • Costa Goes, T., Antunes, F. D., Alves, P. B., Teixeira-Silva, F. (2012). Effect of sweet orange aroma on experimental anxiety and humans. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 18(8), 798–804.
  • Edge, J. (2003). A pilot study addressing the effect of aromatherapy massage and mood, anxiety and relaxation in adult mental health. Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery, 9, 90–97.
  • European Medicines Agency, Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products. (2012). Assessment report on Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau, aetheroleum [PDF]. Retrieved from:
  • Faturi, C., Leite, J., Alves, P., Canton, A., Texiceria-Silva, F. (2010). Anxiolytic-like effect of sweet orange aroma in Wistar rats. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 34, 605 – 609.
  • Fowler, N. (2006). Aromatherapy, used as an integrative tool for crisis management by adolescents in a residential treatment center. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 19(2), 69 – 76.
  • Fujiwara, R. (2002). Psychoneuroimmunological benefits of aromatherapy. International Journal of Aromatherapy, 12(2), 77 – 82.
  • Fukumoto, S. Morishita, A., Furutachi, K., Terashima, T., Nakayama, T., & Yokogoshi, H. (2008). Effective flavor components in lemon essential oil on physical or psychological stress. Stress and Health, 24, 3–12.
  • Haehner, A., Maass, H., Croy, I., Hummel, R. (2017). Influence of room fragrance on attention, anxiety and mood. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 32, 24–28.
  • Hatano, V., Torricelli, A., Giassi, A., Coslope, L., Viana, M. (2012). Anxiolytic effects of repeated treatment with an essential oil from Lippia alba and (R)-(-)-carvone in the elevated T-maze. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 45(3), 238-243.
  • Hongratanaworakit, T., Buchbauer, G. (2004). Evaluation of the harmonizing effect of Ylang-Ylang oil on humans after inhalation. Plant Medica, 70(7), 632–636.
  • Hongratanaworakit, T., Buchbauer, G. (2006). Relaxing effect of Ylang-Ylang oil on humans after transdermal absorption. Psychotherapy Research, 20, 758–763.
  • Hur, M-H., et al. (2014). Aromatherapy for stress reduction in healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Maturitas, 79, 369.
  • Johnson, J. Rivard, R., Griffin, K., Kolste, A., Joswiak, D., Kinney, M., Dusek, J. (2016). The effectiveness of nurse-delivered aromatherapy in an acute care setting. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 55, 164-169.
  • Karadag, E. Samancioflu, S., Ozden, D., Bakir, E. (2015). Effects of aromatherapy on sleep quality and anxiety patients. British Association of Critical Care Nurses, 22(2), 105 – 112.
  • Komiya,M., Takeuchi, T., Harada, E. (2006). Lemon oil vapor causes anti-stress effect via modulating 5-HT and DA activities in mice. Behavioural Brain Research, 172, 240 – 249.
  • Lehrner, J., Marwinski, G., Lehr, S., Johren, P., & Deecke, L. (2005). Ambient odors of orange and lavender reduce anxiety and improved mood in a dental office. Physiology and Behavior, 86, 92-95.
  • Lima, N., De Sousa, D., Pimenta, F., Alves, M., De Souza, F., Macedo, R., Cardoso, R., Almeida, R. (2013). Anxiolytic-like activity and GC–MS analysis of (R)–(+)–limonene fragrance, a natural compound found in foods and plants. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 103, 450–454.
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. (2017, January). Overdose Death Rates [Statistics file]. Retrieved from:
  • Perry, N., Perry, E. (2006). Aromatherapy in the management of psychiatric disorders: clinical and pharmacological perspectives. CNS drugs, 20(4), 257-280.
  • Pimenta, F.C.F., et al. (2012). Naturally occurring anxiolytic substances from aromatic plants of genus citrus. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6(3), 342-347.
  • Seyyed-Rasooli, A., Salehi, F., Mohammadpoorasl, A., Goljaryan, S., Seyyedi, Z., Thomson, B. (2016). Comparing the effects of aromatherapy massage and inhalation aromatherapy on anxiety and pain in burn patients: A single-blind randomized clinical trial. Burns, 42(8), 1774-1780. 
  • Takeda, H., et al. (2008). Differences between the physiologic and psychologic effects of aromatherapy body treatment. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(6), 655–661. 
  • Tsang, H., Lo, S., Chan, C., Ho, T., Fung, K., Chan, A., Au, D. (2012). Neurophysiological and behavioural effects of lavender oil in rats with experimentally induced anxiety. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 28, 168–173. 
  • Tsang, H.W.H., et al. (2015). A pilot evaluation on the stress management programme using a combined approach of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for elementary school teachers. Stress Health, 31, 35–43. 
  • Varney, E., Buckle, J. (2013). Effect of inhaled essential oils on mental exhaustion and moderate burnout: a small pilot study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 19(1), 69–71.
  • Watanabe, E., Kuchta, K., Kimura, M., Rauwald, H.W., Kamei, T., Imanishi, J. (2015). Effects of bergamot (Citrus bergamia (Risso) Wright & Arn.) essential oil aromatherapy on mood states, parasympathetic nervous system activity, and salivary cortisol levels in 41 healthy females. Forsch Komplementmed, 22(1), 43-49.



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